Sub Saharan Africa

Sub Saharan Africa Significant gas and oil reserves, both in existing provinces and new areas, provides opportunities for development, whilst growing populations and urbanisation create challenges in providing energy, alleviating poverty, supporting local industry and improving standards of living. Construction of power generation facilities, particularly gas-fired and renewables, and extension of electricity and gas network are key policies for many national governments in the region, but completion of projects remains challenging.

MJMEnergy has worked for many years in Sub Saharan Africa, particularly in Nigeria, but also in South Africa, Mozambique, Namibia and Ghana, providing advice on gas market development, third party access and network codes, transparency and regulation.

Energy Projects

Below you will find examples of some of the consultancy, training or publishing work that we have carried out in Sub Saharan Africa. If you want to explore how we can help you talk to us.

Consultancy Projects:

The following titles are examples of some of the energy consultancy projects that we have carried out in this region. (Clicking the title will provide more information.)

  • Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Gas Audit
  • Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Gas Audit

    MJMEnergy, working in conjunction with the Hart Group, assisted in several gas audits as part of Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI).

    This included detailed analysis of historical gas flows and system dynamics to assess total production, flaring, own use, marketed gas and gas losses, and to identify inconsistencies and concerns in the data. The reports also included recommendations for system improvements in areas such as gas quality, metering and data management.

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  • Review of Nigerian Network Code
  • Review of Nigerian Network Code

    Working for the World Bank, MJMEnergy reviewed the draft Nigerian Network Code, providing a summary of key issues to be considered by the Ministry of Petroleum Resources, with supporting technical analysis and evidence drawn from Network Codes elsewhere.

    As part of the report MJMEnergy identified areas where more work would be needed before implementation of the Network Code would be possible.

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  • South Africa and Namibia Gas and Power Market Study
  • South Africa and Namibia Gas and Power Market Study

    MJMEnergy worked as a partner with PPA Energy to provide a gas and power markets study covering South Africa and Namibia for an international oil company.

    The project was intended to inform the company as to whether to invest in hydrocarbon assets in Southern Africa by providing an analysis of potential markets for gas in the form of power generation, industrial and other demand, including analysis of transportation costs. MJMEnergy staff undertook the gas element of the project, including researching, analysing and presenting the natural gas supply and demand estimation, natural gas regulatory structure and economics, and analysis of key players.

    As part of this analysis MJMEnergy reviewed existing and potential gas demand across the markets for a range of gas supply scenarios.

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  • Commercial and Regulatory Review of the South African and Mozambique Gas Markets
  • Commercial and Regulatory Review of the South African and Mozambique Gas Markets

    MJMEnergy, working in conjunction with QED, provided Sasol with a gas market study covering Mozambique and North-East South Africa.

    In particular MJMEnergy undertook detailed analysis of the gas pipeline network in Mozambique and North-East South Africa, identifying the maximum capacity of the existing facilities, and modelling the impact of changes in load, location, compression and pipeline strings on maximum capacity. This work required detailed technical understanding of gas transmission and operations, and maintenance regimes, as well as gas flow modelling skills, and an appreciation of gas transmission regulatory and charging arrangements. MJMEnergy interacted with local companies, operators and regulators on site visits in South Africa.

    In addition, MJMEnergy contributed to the wider market study, considering supply and demand and market opportunities.

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  • Analysis of South African Gas Pipeline Network
  • Analysis of South African Gas Pipeline Network

    Working in conjunction with PPA Energy. MJMEnergy, provided a power market study for South Africa for a major international oil company.

    The project considered potential opportunities to sell gas into the Southern Africa power market as well as other industrial sectors. MJMEnergy staff undertook the gas element of the project. This included researching, analysing and presenting the review of RSA Government and Eskom gas strategy, review of current and potential competitors and gas suppliers, review of current and potential partners and customers, potential for LNG imports and cost-competitiveness of LNG relative to indigenous gas production and other fuels.

    We also provided a detailed analysis of existing and potential gas demand across the markets for a range of gas supply scenarios.

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  • Review of Nigerian Petroleum Industry Bill
  • Review of Nigerian Petroleum Industry Bill

    MJMEnergy, acting for a Nigerian energy producer, provided analysis of the Nigeria Petroleum Investment Bill 2012 (PIB-2012) to aid the development of a lobbying strategy.

    In particular MJMEnergy provided support on issues pertaining to gas market liberalisation, trading and tariffs. Areas covered included the development of infrastructure, third party access, tariffs and legal issues such as the Network Code.

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  • Ghana LNG Project
  • Ghana LNG Project

    MJMEnergy in conjunction with an international energy consultancy provided support to VRA in Ghana in relation to developing LNG imports via an FSRU. Whilst Ghana does obtain a large amount of its power from large hydroelectric projects, during periods of drought the shortfall is currently made up by diesel-fired power generation. This is neither very efficient nor environmentally friendly, therefore the purpose of this project was to provide an alternative source of fuel to diesel when required by the power generators.

    Areas covered during the project included the following:

    • Development of tender documentation - in order to develop this project the VRA would need to tender for the FSRU and associated LNG supplies from the international market. The purpose of this tender was to facilitate that process.
    • High level review of Terminal User Agreements - the project team provided the client with a brief review of TUAs in order for the client team to appreciate the complexity of the project.
    • Analysis of the supply/demand match - the supply/demand match in Ghana and in particular the highly seasonal nature of the gas demand will influence the commercial framework. Therefore the project team analysed the characteristics of the demand profile.

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Training and Capacity Building:

The following are examples of some of the energy training and capacity building that we have carried out in this region. (Clicking the title will provide more information.)

  • Global LNG
  • Global LNG

    During the course of the day we will study US, European and Asian pricing methodology, and take a look at traditional pricing structures and shifting trends. The expansion of LNG interest and the evolution of LNG pricing worldwide is explained with a look at the future prospects.
    The next public course date is:

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  • LNG Economics and Markets
  • LNG Economics and Markets

    Understanding the costs and value of LNG is crucial to optimising LNG operations and purchasing in changing markets. This three-day course offers helpful insight, useful case studies and practical exercises.

    Day 1: An introduction to the LNG business and economics.

    Day 2: Making and delivering LNG: costs and projects.

    Day 3: Extracting value: regasification, the long-term and short-term markets.

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  • LNG Supply Workshop
  • LNG Supply Workshop

    The LNG supply industry is rapidly developing with new technology, supplies and contractual arrangements. Drawing on MJMEnergy's comprehensive, recently published LNG Supply Handbook, the LNG Supply Outlook Workshop provides an insightful, high-level, summary of LNG supply developments and forecasts from the short-term to 2035.

    This half-day workshop will cover the following, although you may request variations:

    • LNG today
    • Current and future trends in LNG supply
    • LNG demand outlook
    • Key country profiles and forecasts
    • World LNG supply outlook

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  • 21st Century Regulation
  • 21st Century Regulation

    Course Description

    This three-day course has been specifically developed in order to explain both the background and practice of gas market regulation as well as providing suitable tools and intellectual and practical frameworks for parties involved in 21st Century gas regulation.

    Understanding and applying regulation to gas markets is a crucial skill as energy market liberalisation gathers pace around the world.

    Day One:

    The purpose of this first day is to provide you with a solid academic theoretical and historical basis to energy market regulation, drawing on the experience of European and North American energy markets in particular.

    Day Two:

    The purpose of this second day, building on regulatory economic theory, is to provide a series of practical examples of how regulation is undertaken in the real world. This will be achieved firstly with a series of sessions on specific regulatory issues followed by a number of case studies.

    Day Three:

    The purpose of this third day is to build on both economic theory and practical application in order to provide you with useful tools and approaches that you can apply to your own particular regulatory environment, whether you are a regulator, the regulated, or a participant in a regulated market.

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  • Ofgem Gas Technical Basics/Advanced
  • Ofgem Gas Technical Basics/Advanced

    We designed a Gas Basic and Gas Advanced course for Ofgem to provide a greater understanding of the operation of the gas supply system for their non-engineers as well as perspectives on commercial gas issues.

    An extensive handbook to go with each course and a precourse online questionnaire to help staff know which level they required was also provided.

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  • Gas Storage Course
  • Gas Storage Course

    We will explain the need to store gas and look at the different types of storage facilities available. You will gain an understanding of how to buy storage capacity, trade gas using storage, and the whole economics of gas storage. You will look at how to build storage, examine a case study and explore the future of storage.

    The course covers:

    • Why store gas?
    • Types of gas storage facilities
    • How storage is sold
    • Storage economics
    • Building gas storage
    • A case study of a current storage project
    • The future of gas storage

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  • Framework Agreement with IGEM for the Provision of Technical Training
  • The IGEM Academy

    Over the last few years MJMEnergy has worked closely with IGEM to prepare and deliver technical training for engineers, both in the UK and overseas. Typical examples have included the following:

    • Introduction to the UK gas industry and its market.
    • Asset integrity management.
    • TGas market safety, legislation and regulation.
    • Engineering ethics – doing the right thing.
    • Safety, risk & reliability management.
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  • Training Games, Exercises and Simulations
  • Training Games, Exercises and Simulations

    Designed to introduce you to real-life circumstances in which you can make successful choices based on learnt skills, our games and exercises cover a wide variety of areas. For more advanced experiences we have developed exercises that set the scene with realistic management and technical information enabling players to engage with the subject in a serious yet safe environment.

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  • Energy Markets Course
  • Energy Markets Course

    This three day course provides a thorough understanding of the dynamics of the gas and power industry. The main focus being: physical gas and electricity systems, commercial energy markets and energy trading.

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  • Global Oil Market
  • Global Oil Market

    You will learn about the charactaristics of oil, how the terms upstream, midstream and downstream relate to this industry, what makes the price of oil and how it is traded.

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Energy Publishing:

The following titles are examples of energy reports that we have written, published or sell and are included to complement this section. Feel free to click on the titles for more information.

  • LNG Supply Handbook
  • LNG Supply Handbook

    LNG Supply Handbook

    This report containing 28 in-depth country profiles framed within a detailed analysis of the global LNG market and its developing trends and drivers will provide strategists, decision makers, policy makers and analysts - amongst others - with the perfect resource to ensure you are well-informed.

    The 28 existing and potential exporting countries examined are:
    Algeria | Angola | Australia | Brazil | Brunei | Cameroon | Canada | Colombia | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Indonesia | Iran | Israel | Libya | Malaysia | Mozambique | Nigeria | Norway | Oman | Papua New Guinea | Peru | Qatar | Russia | Tanzania | Trinidad & Tobago | United Arab Emirates | United States of America | Yemen.

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  • LNG Supply Handbook Country Chapters
  • LNG Supply Handbook Country Chapters

    This report provides the background chapters as well as the profile for the country you have selected. Framed within a detailed analysis of the global LNG market and its developing trends and drivers it will provide strategists, decision makers, policy makers and analysts - amongst others - with the perfect resource to ensure you are well-informed.

    Country profile of country of your choice from one of the following:

    Algeria | Angola | Australia | Brazil | Brunei | Cameroon | Canada | Colombia | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Indonesia | Iran | Israel | Libya | Malaysia | Mozambique | Nigeria | Norway | Oman | Papua New Guinea | Peru | Qatar | Russia | Tanzania | Trinidad & Tobago | United Arab Emirates | United States of America | Yemen.

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  • The Oil Trading Manual
  • The Oil Trading Manual

    Edited by MJMEnergy associate David Long, the Oil Trading Manual (OTM) provided a unique and comprehensive reference source to the structure and conduct of the international oil markets including:

    • Physical characteristics and refining
    • Oil pricing arrangements
    • Physical oil markets
    • Forward and futures contracts
    • Options and swaps
    • Operations and logistics
    • Accounting and taxation
    • Controlling financial risk
    • Legal and regulatory control

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Key staff and associates:

  • Mike Madden
  • Chris Le Fevre
  • David Long
  • Nick White
  • Duncan Jack
  • Jeremy Bending